Abundance Insider: July 14, 2017 Edition

Written by Peter H. Diamandis | Jul 15, 2017

In this week's Abundance Insider: Deceit-detecting AI, Facebook's new "village," and a world first in teleportation.

Peter, Marissa, Kelley, Greg, Sydney, AJ, Bri and Jason

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Hybrid Reward Architecture (HRA) Achieving Superhuman Performance on Ms. Pac-Man

What it is: Maluuba, a Microsoft company, has devised an new machine learning technique dubbed Hybrid Reward Architecture, enabling its system to generalize and learn much more efficiently, a key challenge in applying machine learning systems to games like Ms. Pac-Man, which have 10^77 states that might be encountered. By decomposing the typically single reward function into n different agents that can each learn in parallel, the team was able to create an AI that surpassed the all-time high human score, and in fact the highest possible score of 990,990, in less than 3,000 episodes.

Why it's important: As we begin applying machine learning techniques to new problems, we’re finding the limitations of existing methods and quickly following them with new breakthroughs in algorithm design. Combined with new chip designs, advances in computer vision, and BCI, converging exponential technologies are ushering in a set of exciting near-term possibilities in generalized AI. Share on Facebook

Spotted by Marconi Pereira Written by Jason Goodwin

The World's First Battery-Free Phone Harvests Energy From Radio Waves

What it is: Researchers from the University of Washington recently created the first prototype of a battery-free phone powered by radio signals. The phone saves power by using analog versus digital voice encoding, and has a range that comes from tiny solar panels called photodiodes. In the future, the inventors hope to license the technology to current smartphone makers to enable emergency calls without concern over battery charge. Another direction for the technology is to expand the current prototype and create a bare-bones phone that would never need to be recharged but would still be able to make calls and send texts.

Why it's important: Phones that don't ever need to be charged have clear benefits in emergencies. This technology could also help democratize phone access in developing countries or remote areas where energy is a scarce resource. Share on Facebook

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield / Written by Sydney Fulkerson

How Artificial Intelligence Can Detect Deceit

What it is: Unanimous AI has created a method of leveraging the swarm behavior that we see in bees and other animals to augment our innate ability to detect fake or genuine smiles, effectively enabling a better lie detector. In recent research, 168 participants were tasked with identifying smiles in a set of 20 video clips -- either reviewing these clips alone or grouped into a group to act as a swarm connected over the Internet. Those connected via the Swarm AI grouping reduced the error rate from 33% down to 18%, or a 45% reduction..

Why it's important: Machine learning and AI systems are finding application in a large variety of areas. Here, by combining what we know about collective intelligence in other species with human cognition, we have the potential to massively augment our individual and collective capabilities (and train future AIs). What other breakthroughs can we create by activating the crowd? Share on Facebook

Spotted by Louis Rosenberg Written by Jason Goodwin

First Object Teleported from Earth to Orbit

What it is: Just two weeks ago, we featured the Micius satellite that a group of Chinese researchers used to experiment with quantum teleportation. This week, the same team created the first satellite-to-ground quantum network, and used it to teleport a photon from the ground to orbit for the first time ever. This MIT Technology Review article covers their experiments and the underlying science.

Why it's important: "Long-distance teleportation has been recognized as a fundamental element in protocols such as large-scale quantum networks and distributed quantum computation," the team told MIT Technology Review. They believe further developments could one day enable a global-scale quantum Internet. Share on Facebook

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield / Written by Marissa Brassfield 

Two Giants of AI Team Up to Head Off the Robot Apocalypse

What it is: Google's DeepMind and the nonprofit lab OpenAI have released a new paper outlining an experimental machine learning system that leverages human-technology teamwork to help an AI determine the best approach to learn a new task. This contrasts with contemporary approaches, which have AIs experiment with a variety of actions and fine-tune their algorithms in pursuit of a virtual reward. For this experiment, humans provided feedback to help a simulated robot learn how to do a backflip. The human feedback mechanism resulted in a successful backflip with under an hour of feedback, compared to the two hours of coding time an OpenAI researcher used to create a reward function (which, incidentally, produced an inferior backflip to the human-trained one).

Why it's important: Evidence that some tasks are indeed better and faster for an AI to do correctly with human instruction -- from cleaning someone's home to learning a patient's unique care needs. OpenAI hopes that by developing AI to work closely with humans from the outset, we'll be able to mitigate some of the potential downsides of the technology. Share on Facebook 

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield / Written by Marissa Brassfield 

Radical New Vertically Integrated 3D Chip Design Combines Computing and Data Storage

What it is: Researchers from Stanford and MIT have found a way to create 3D chips made from carbon nanotube field transistors that combine computing and storage in vertically stacked layers. Fabricated at temperatures less than 200 degrees Celsius, these chips overcome the current inability to stack silicon chips in a similar way. This 3D architecture is more energy-efficient, with faster memory and 1,000 times more connectivity than 2D architectures allow. Interestingly, the team was also able to leverage the ability of carbon nanotubes to act as sensor arrays, placing 1 million nanotube sensors to detect ambient gases.

Why it's important: Not only is this 3D design enabling a revolution in chip design, but imagine the applications that become possible when sensors, storage, and compute can live together. Look for even more interesting capabilities to emerge as high-speed computing and quantum computing develop. Share on Facebook 

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield / Written by Jason Goodwin

Facebook Plans to Tackle Silicon Valley Housing Shortage by Building Its Own

What it is: In an attempt to tackle Silicon Valley's housing shortage, Facebook recently proposed a plan to build 1,500 units near the company's headquarters. It will offer $10,000 in incentives for employees who move closer to their offices. Facebook said it wanted to invest in Menlo Park to construct a "village" with 1.75 million square feet of office space, plus an additional 125,000 square feet for retail shops. The 1,500 housing units will be open to the public – not just to Facebook employees – and 15 percent of them will be offered at below-market rates.

Why it's important: Facebook's plan to build a centralized work/life center with community services close by could greatly reduce the traffic and housing shortages plaguing Silicon Valley. It's also an intriguing experiment to follow as creatives and governments around the world design cities of the future.  Share on Facebook 

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield / Written by Sydney Fulkerson

What is Abundance Insider?

This email is a briefing of the week's most compelling, abundance-enabling tech developments, curated by Marissa Brassfield in preparation for Abundance 360. Read more about A360 below.

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