Abundance Insider: November 20 Edition

Written by Peter H. Diamandis | Nov 21, 2015

In this week's Abundance Insider: Robotic weed-killers, Google’s $50 million moonshot, and memory-boosting brain implants.

Cheers,
Peter, Marissa, Cody, Maxx, Kelley and Greg

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Nanopores Simplify and Supercharge Desalination

What it is: University of Illinois engineers have created a desalination system out of a nanometer-thick sheet of molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) riddled with nanopore holes. In testing against other thin-film membranes, the engineers discovered that this membrane filtered up to 70 percent more water than graphene.

Why it's important: This novel use of nanomaterials enables more energy-efficient desalination systems -- which in turn transforms our current water scarcity into abundance.

Spotted by Greg O'Brien

Memory-Boosting Brain Implant Could End Dementia

What it is: Researchers at the University of Southern California are developing a memory-boosting implant that leverages the same signal processing that happens when neurons encode new long-term memories. An algorithm created from data on a specific human "memory code" predicts the pattern of activity in CA1 cells based on CA3 input, according to Singularity Hub. In recent experiments, the algorithm's predictions were correct 80% of the time compared to the brain's actual firing patterns.

Why it's important: This enables truly revolutionary solutions to brain conditions like dementia, Alzheimer's, and traumatic brain injuries. This implant can also mitigate the negative consequences of age-related brain degeneration.

Spotted by Peter Diamandis

World's Tiniest Pacemaker Implanted Without Surgery

What it is: Researchers have developed the world's smallest, minimally invasive pacemaker. It's delivered via a catheter through the femoral vein and then positioned inside the right ventricle of the heart. In a recent international clinical trial, it was successfully implanted in 99.2 percent of the 725 patients, and 96 percent of patients experienced zero complications -- 51 percent less than normal procedures.

Why it's important: An estimated 3 million people live with pacemakers, and about 600,000 pacemakers are implanted in the world every year. This pacemaker enables easier implantation and better overall outcomes.

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield

This Dry Glue Only Becomes Sticky When You Crush It

What it is: Researchers in Japan have developed a latex-based glue that remains dry until you crush it. Liquid latex beads are coated in calcium-carbonate nanoparticles that do not become adhesive until compressed, bursting the beads.

Why it's important: Glue that only becomes sticky on demand enables faster, more effective application. It's just one more way that advancements in materials science enable new innovation.

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield

IBM Watson: Your New Sounding Board & Research Assistant

What it is: IBM Watson's cloud-based alternative may soon become your next research assistant. Georgia Institute of Technology researchers worked with student teams and Watson Engagement Advisor to provide answers to questions about biomimetics. The natural-language cognitive computer acted as an intelligent sounding board, helping students parse complicated research.

Why it's important: This experiment enables intelligent research: professionals in a variety of fields will be able to receive answers to even complicated questions at the pace of natural conversation.

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield

The Future of Shopping is Second Life on Acid

What it is: Designer Allison Crank has created "The Reality Theater: Shopping In the Ludic Century," a virtual mall that gives an immersive look into the future. Psychedelic neon signs, bubbles, animal avatars and labyrinthine escalators aim to channel the leisure, “eye candy” element of shopping, while retaining the one-click efficiency of e-commerce.

Why it's important: This vision of retail in the future solves one key problem of modern e-commerce: its lack of real-time, virtual socialization during the shopping experience. Imagine strapping on a VR headset and shopping with your friends while you're on the train back home from work or while relaxing at home on a day off.

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield

This Swimming Robot is Powered by Pollution

What it is: Bristol University engineers have designed the "Row-bot," a robot that walks on the water's surface in dirty ponds, consumes microbes, and converts them into energy for its paddles. The self-reliant engine is powered by a microbial fuel cell using electrogenic bacteria, and its overall design was based on the water boatman bug.

Why it's important: Robots that can produce their own power have near-limitless uptime. Future iterations of this innovative robot might be able to clean our oceans or detoxify metropolitan air.

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield

This Weed-Killing Robot Makes Herbicides Obsolete

What it is: The Bosch BoniRob is a LIDAR-enabled robot that identifies weeds you don't want and squashes them into the ground with impressive force. It can run for up to 24 hours at once, killing about two weeds a second.

Why it's important: This self-driven robot shows how machine learning and sensor technology can create better, more powerful agriculture robots. One day, robots like this one will eradicate the need for herbicides and pesticides.

Spotted by Wayne Allen

Google's $50 Million Moonshot at Curing Heart Disease

What it is: Google and the American Heart Association have teamed up on a $50 million initiative to cure heart disease. Most research is funded by federal grants -- a slow, complex and bureaucratic process -- and this Google moonshot aims to remove all the obstacles to innovation. Each idea submission, must fit on a one-page application, and the applicatoin period is just six weeks. Google won't take any intellectual property or financial stakes in the results.

Why it's important: Cardiovascular disease kills over 17 million people a year. By removing the "red tape" around medical research, this moonshot enables the rapid iteration and nontraditional needed for true breakthroughs.

Spotted by Marissa Brassfield

IBM Watson Helps You Pick Perfect Holiday Gifts

What it is: IBM Watson Trend is a holiday shopping app that distills tens of thousands of sources from social media to determine reactions to potential holiday gifts, recommend gifts and display whether gifts are trending up or down. The idea came from a single IBM employee, and it grew into a passion project for a team.

Why it's important: This consumer-friendly app will be one of the first experiences the public has with Watson and, as a result, the power of cognitive computing to enable better decisionmaking. Nailing this interface is key to widespread adoption.

Spotted by Don Weidner

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